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Local Fruit 2011

Local Fruit 2011
Local Fruit 2011 Local Fruit 2011 Local Fruit 2011 Local Fruit 2011 Local Fruit 2011 Local Fruit 2011 Local Fruit 2011 Local Fruit 2011 Local Fruit 2011 Local Fruit 2011 Local Fruit 2011 Local Fruit 2011 Local Fruit 2011 Local Fruit 2011 Local Fruit 2011 Local Fruit 2011
Product Code: BARDEF1101
Availability: In Stock

Price: BDS $31.45

 

5¢ Golden apple (Spondias cytherea)

Golden apples are typically in season at Christmas time although there is a dwarf cultivar that fruits year round. It is native to Polynesia and Melanesia and was introduced to the Caribbean through Jamaica in the late 18th century. The golden flesh is chewed off a central spiky seed and a drink is also made from the fruit.

10¢ Coconut (Cocos nucifera)

This palm originated in south-east Asia and is especially common in coastal areas. The green fruit contains a liquid endosperm to nurture the developing embryo and this 'coconut water', as it is termed, is highly nutritious and enjoyed by many. In Barbados, coconuts are sold by wayside vendors who cut off the top of the fruit to allow easy access to the coconut water. As the fruit matures this liquid becomes jelly-like and later forms a hard white flesh which is grated and used in confectionary and baked goods.

35¢ Cashew (Anacardium occidentale)

This tree is native to Brazil and has been spread worldwide in the Tropics. The true cashew fruit is the familiar kidney shaped nut which is enclosed by a shell which must be first roasted to destroy a caustic resin. In Barbados, it is the false fruit or cashew apple that is used and this develops from the swollen fruit stalk. The tree only does well in Barbados on the soils of the Scotland District.

40¢ Mammy Apple (Mammea americana)

This large handsome tree, native to South America, may have been introduced to the West Indies by Amerindians. Inside its leathery, brown skin, an orange apricot-like flesh surrounds two to four seeds. The flesh is eaten fresh or stewed in syrup an eaten as a dessert. The grated seeds have insecticidal properties.

 60¢ Barbados Cherry (Malpighia emarginata)

Despite its common name, this fruit is probably of Central/South American origin. It looks like a cherry and can be viewed as a health food due to its extraordinary Vitamin C content, up to 4% by weight! It is eaten straight from the tree or the sweetened pulp is made into jam, juice or frozen as 'cherry ices'.

65¢ Sugar Apple (Annona squamosa)

This is native to Tropical America and was probably introduced to the islands of the Caribbean by the Amerindians. The fruit is borne on a small tree and the white pulp is very sweet and typically eaten fresh. This type of fruit is termed an aggregate fruit as many fertilised ovaries of a single flower fuse to form a single fruit. Each fruit segment corresponds to an individual ovary.

80¢ Sea grapes (Coccoloba uvifera)

This native, seashore tree has saucer-shaped leaves and bears fruit in bunches like grapes in late summer. Fruit are harvested from wild trees along the coast. The red-purple fruit are another example of a botanical false fruit. What is widely regarded as the central seed is in fact the true fruit (an achene) while the surrounding flesh develops from the bases of the flower petals and sepals.

 $1.00 Tamarind (Tamarindus indica)

Tamarind, a native of Africa, is valued as a shade tree as much as for its fruit. It bears numerous brown pods which are mature around May each year and which contain several black seeds surrounded by a tart, brown pulp. This fruit is a favourite with children while many adults find the flesh too acid. Mixed with sugar, it is made into a confectionary, tamarind balls, and it can also be made into a drink. It is also used in various proprietary condiments like Worcestershire Sauce.

 $1.25 Carambola (Averrhoa carambola)

This fruit hails from Asia; elsewhere in the Caribbean it is also called star fruit or five fingers. The ripe fruit is eaten fresh or sliced where its attractive star shape makes it an eye-catching addition to fruit salads. The fruit is rich in oxalic and tartaric acids giving it tartness, the intensity of which varies with the variety.

$1.50 Mango (Mangifera indica)

Mango is native to India where hundreds of varieties are recognised. The tree reached Barbados in the 18th century via Brazil and today several types are cultivated which are propagated by grafting to maintain the particular combination of traits. The Julie cultivar is one of the sweetest and most popular and typically is in season around June/July.

 $1.80 Banana (Musa X)

All banana varieties are complex hybrids of two ancestral Musa species, native to the Malay Peninsula. Banana "trees" are in fact giant herbs, the "trunk" comprising leaf bases which encircle each other. The fruit develop spontaneously from the flower without pollination so that the fruit is seedless. Most locally grown bananas come from the parish of St. John.

$2.20 Guava (Psidium guajava)

This fruit is native to South and Central America and possibly the Caribbean. Botanically the fruit is classed as a berry and is a rich source of Vitamin C. Aside from eating the fresh fruit, the flesh and central pulp with seeds are boiled with sugar to make guava jelly and a preserve called guava cheese. The outer edible portion or pericarp is also boiled with sugar syrup to make a dessert termed stewed guava.

 $2.75 Avocado (Persea americana)

Often simply referred to in Barbados as 'pear', this fruit has been cultivated in Central America for millennia. Avocado has the distinction of being one of the few oil-rich fruit, along with olive, in contrast to the sweet dessert fruits featured in this issue. The fruit contains healthy unsaturated fats and is especially rich in Vitamin B6. It is typically eaten fresh or with pickled cucumber.

 $3.00 Gooseberries (Phyllanthus acidus)

This is unrelated to the temperate gooseberry except for their shared acidity. It is probably only eaten fresh by children and even so tends to be made into jams and sweets. The small, marbled-sized fruit are borne on a small to medium-sized tree. The plant is native to Madagascar and was introduced to the Caribbean in the late 1700's.

$5.00 Soursop (Annona muricata)

Soursop is native to Tropical America and probably introduced to the Caribbean by Amerindians. Like the related sugar apple, it is an aggregate fruit formed by the fusion of many fertilised ovaries of a single flower. The spurs on the fruit represent remnants of the styles of individual ovaries. The whitish pulp has a yogurt-like taste and can be eaten as is or made into a drink, dessert or ice cream. The leaves are used to make a soporific tea.

$10.00 Pomegranate (Punica granatum)

This tree which is native to Iran has been widely cultivated since ancient times. It prefers a Mediterranean to sub-tropical but has been introduced successfully throughout the Caribbean. The name in Latin literally means seeded apple. The prized part is the sweet, pinkish aril which encases each seed. Originally, the Grenadine Syrup used to sweeten cocktails was made from pomegranate fruit.

 

Technical Details

Country

Barbados

Title

Local Fruits

Release Date

7th February, 2011

Artist

Rosie Sanders

Setting of Stamps

CASCO Studio

Printer

Cartor Security Printing Ltd.

Process

Lithography

Stamp size

36mm x 36mm

Sheet Format

50 (2x25)

Perforation

13.25 x 13.25 per 2cm

Paper Type

Chancellor unwatermarked Oba free 102 gsm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Reference material and images provided by Professor C.M. Sean Carrington, University of the West Indies, Cave Hill Campus, Barbados.

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